Individuals and Institutions in Medieval Scholasticism

Authors

Edited By Antonia Fitzpatrick, John Sabapathy

Synopsis

This volume explores the relationship between individuals and institutions in scholastic thought and practice across the twelfth and fifteenth centuries, setting an agenda for future debates. Written by leading European experts from numerous fields, this theoretically sophisticated collection analyses a wide range of intellectual practices and disciplines. Avoiding narrow approaches to scholasticism, the book addresses ethics, history, heresy, law, inquisition, metaphysics, pastoral care, poetry, religious orders, saints’ cults and theology. A substantial introduction establishes an accessible historiographical context for the volume’s agenda, and a final afterword examines implications for future research.

The history of individuals and institutions in scholasticism has often been unhelpfully treated either as a simple intellectual genealogy of schools and doctrines, or a constitutional history of particular organizational forms. This volume advances our understanding by reconsidering these fields as a whole and addressing two large questions. What was the relationship between particular intellectuals and their wider networks? How did individuals alter their institutions, and how did those institutions shape their individuality?

This volume is of major importance to intellectual, religious and cultural historians as well as historians of knowledge and science. It will engage those working on individuals and institutions in the middle ages as well as in other periods.

Dr Antonia Fitzpatrick is a Bedingfield scholar and Residential Scholar at the Honourable Society of Gray’s Inn.

Dr John Sabapathy is associate professor of medieval history at University College London

Indiviuduals and Institutions in Medieval Scholasticism appears in New Historical Perspectives, an Open Access monograph series for Early Career Scholars from the Royal Historical Society and Institute of Historical Research. 

Read more about the collection, and the parallels between medieval scholasticism and modern universities, on the Institute of Historical Research blog 'On History' (August 2020).

Table of Contents

  • Notes on contributors
  • Introduction: individuals and institutions in medieval scholasticism
    Antonia Fitzpatrick and John Sabapathy
  • PART I. INDIVIDUALS AND INTELLECTUAL TRADITIONS: CONSTRUCTION AND CRITICISM
  • 1. The fathers of scholasticism: authorities as totems
    Blaise Dufal
  • 2. The unicity of substantial form in the 'Correctoria corruptorii fratris Thomae' of Richard Knapwell, Robert Orford and John of Paris
    Antonia Fitzpatrick
  • 3. Italian universities, arts masters and interpreting Pomponazzi’s 'De immortalitate animae'
    John Marenbon
  • 4. Individual and institution in scholastic historiography: Nicholas Trevet
    Matthew Kempshall
  • PART II. INSTITUTIONS AND INDIVIDUALS: ORGANIZATIONS AND SOCIAL PRACTICES
  • a. INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS
  • 5. The charismatic leader and the 'vita religiosa': some observations about an apparent contradiction between individual and institution
    Gert Melville
  • 6. An institution made of individuals: Peter John Olivi and Angelo Clareno on the Franciscan experience
    Sylvain Piron
  • 7. Rolando of Cremona and the earliest inquisition depositions of Languedoc
    Peter Biller
  • b. INDIVIDUALS AND PRACTICES
  • 8. Robert of Courson’s systematic thinking about early thirteenth-century institutions
    John Sabapathy
  • 9. 'Better to let scandal arise than to relinquish the truth': the cases of conscience of the masters of Paris in the thirteenth century
    Emily Corran
  • 10. Of parish priests and hermaphrodites: Robert Holcot’s discussion of 'Omnis utriusque sexus'
    Cornelia Linde
  • 11. The cult of the marriage of Joseph and Mary: the shaping of doctrinal novelty in Jean Gerson’s Josephina (1414-1418)
    Isabel Iribarren
  • Afterword
    David d’Avray
  • Index

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Cover for Individuals and Institutions in Medieval Scholasticism
Published
July 30, 2020

Details about the available publication format: Open Access

Open Access
ISBN-13
978-1-912702-30-5
Date of first publication
2020-07-30
doi
10.14296/520.9781912702305

Details about the available publication format: Hardback

Hardback
ISBN-13
978-1-912702-26-8
Date of first publication
2020-07-30

Details about the available publication format: Paperback

Paperback
ISBN-13
978-1-912702-27-5
Date of first publication
2020-07-30